Monopoly

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MONOPOLY - the property trading board game is a very popular game. Most of us are aware of the game so lets look at its history.

The game was first mass produced by Charles B. Darrow in 1934 and then sold to Parker Brothers in 1935.
In 1903 a woman named Elizabeth Maggie (pronounced "McGee") came up with an idea for a board game she called The Landlords Game. She was a follower of economist Henry George and the game was designed as a learning tool to teach his single tax theory. The game was played on a board made up of 40 spaces arranged ten per side.
The Landlords Game was granted a U. S. patent in 1904 and saw production in 1906. The 1904 patent expired in 1921 and Maggie made changes to the game and was granted a new patent in 1924. The new game had two sets of rules: one for the Landlords Game and one for Prosperity (rules very similar to Monopoly).
Now the game was growing in popularity and began being called auction monopoly or just monopoly. A few individuals even copyrighted their own sets of rules. In 1932 Dan Layman took his version of auction monopoly and sold it to Electronic Laboratories as the game Finance. This was the first version of auction monopoly to be mass produced. Electronic Laboratories soon licensed the game to Knapp Electric.
Ruth Hoskins learned the game from Dan Layman and took it with her when she moved to Atlantic City. She and her friends played the game and changed a few aspects. This version was known as monopoly.
A man named Charles Darrow got hold of the rules of the game (auction type monopoly). He started making monopoly games by hand. After making several sets he rewrote the rules changing them slightly, had them copyrighted, and Monopoly was born. Darrow added the color stripes and cartoons to the board creating the board we still play on today.
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